A Quick Introduction to Job Scheduling
A Job Scheduler is an application that is responsible for scheduling and running programs (also known as jobs or tasks). The user specifies dependencies between jobs, and the job scheduler runs each job only after all its dependencies have been met. Dependencies may be the successful completion of another job (the prerequisite job), or a certain time of day, or ownership of a limited resource or token.
The job scheduler is also responsible for allowing the operator to rerun failed (or even successful) jobs, mark jobs as having succeeded or failed, and querying the status of all the jobs that are scheduled to run.
Collections of jobs that are dependent on each other are known as Families. Some schedulers call Families "Job Streams."